Unaccompanied Youth and Young Adult Homelessness
The Coalition was the lead organization behind passage of the Commonwealth’s landmark youth homelessness law, An Act promoting housing and support services to unaccompanied homeless youths (Chapter 450 of the Acts of 2014, now Chapter 6A, Sections 16W and 16X of the Massachusetts General Laws). The legislation, passed by the Legislature in December 2014 and signed into law by former Governor Deval Patrick in January 2015, is creating increased housing opportunities and expand support services for youth and young adults age 24 and younger who are experiencing homelessness outside the custody or care of a parent or guardian. The law also puts the Commission on Unaccompanied Homeless Youth into state statue, and strengthens the state's planning processes on youth homelessness issues. For fiscal year 2016, the Legislature allocated $2 million to implement the law via line item 4000-0007, and unanimously overrode Governor Baker's veto of the funding in July 2015. For more background on that phase of the campaign, see the Coalition's veto override campaign letter to Legislative Leadership and press release). For FY'17, the line item is funded at $2 million: $1 million initial allocation plus $1 million carried over from FY'16 due to the timing of the procurement process.
Across the United States, there are an estimated 1.7 million unaccompanied youth who are experiencing homelessness, but figures are imprecise (See https://www.nn4youth.org/learn/how-many-homeless/). Fall 2013 data from the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (ESE), released in 2014, estimated that there were 4,085 students in Massachusetts public high schools who were experiencing homelessness and not in the custody of their parent or legal guardian. (Additional data: Youth Risk Behavior Survey data from ESE; 2015-2016 school year data from ESE on unaccompanied youth and other students experiencing homelessness directly identified by school districts.) Additional efforts are underway to get a more accurate count of the full extent of unaccompanied youth homelessness in the Commonwealth, notably through the work of the Massachusetts Commission on Unaccompanied Homeless Youth (see below for more details.)
Since 2010, the Coalition has convened a Task Force on Unaccompanied Youth Homelessness and organized more broadly in the community to bring together providers, advocates, and youth to work together to improve and expand housing and services for unaccompanied youth. To see a list of the participating and endorsing organizations, click here.FY'18 Policy Campaigns with and for Unaccompanied Youth and Young Adults:
The Coalition has been focused on a variety of policy initiatives directly and indirectly related to unaccompanied youth, including but not limited to our campaigns on:
- Housing and services for unaccompanied young adults (and youth) experiencing homelessness FY'18 budget campaign fact sheet (updated 3-27-17); FY'18 House budget debate fact sheet; and campaign endorsement form
- Increase funding for the Residential Assistance for Families in Transition (RAFT) homelessness prevention program to serve more unaccompanied youth, young adults, elders, people with disabilities, and other households without minor children, as well as families with children (fact sheet updated 3-16-17)
- The Massachusetts Rental Voucher Program (MRVP)
- The Alternative Housing Voucher Program (AHVP) (fact sheet updated 3-29-17)
- Home and Healthy for Good
The Massachusetts Commission on Unaccompanied Homeless Youth:The Coalition also has been a driving force behind the creation and momentum of the Massachusetts Special Commission on Unaccompanied Homeless Youth (now known as the Massachusetts Commission on Unaccompanied Homeless Youth, but just as special!) The FY'13 budget included key language from the bill to establish a special statewide commission on unaccompanied youth. Click here to see the Coalition's press release on passage of budget language to establish the special commission and here to see the text of the budget language, as signed into law. The commission's work began in December 2012, under the Administration of Governor Deval Patrick, continuing until January 2015. The Commission officially reconvened under the Administration of Governor Charlie Baker in late October 2015.
Here is the Commission's report on the methodology and outcomes for the 2015 statewide Youth Count. It was released June 30, 2016, and written by the Coalition and the Department of Housing and Community Development.
Here is some preliminary data from the 2016 count, with the full 2016 report to be released this summer. Preliminary data on how the funds from the unaccompanied youth and young adult homelessness line item, 4000-0007, have been spent can be found here: February 2017 overview of the impact of demonstration project funding and here: Executive Office of Health and Human Services report from March 1, 2017 to the Legislature on the End Family Homelessness Reserve Fund (line item 1599-0017) and Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Services (line item 4000-0007).
Basic information about the 2017 Massachusetts Youth Count can be found here.
Previous reports from the Commission:
Here is the Commission's inaugural report, released in June 2013. A status update on the work of the Commission was released on March 31, 2014, and is available here: Special Commission on Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Status Report
An analysis of the process and results of the first-in-the-nation statewide youth homelessness survey was released on October 1, 2014, and is available via the Executive Office of Health and Human Services (EOHHS) website.
The 2014 year-end status report was released on December 31, 2014:
- Special Commission on Unaccompanied Homeless Youth FY'15 Status Report
- Appendix A: Massachusetts Youth Count 2014: Overview and Analysis (via the EOHHS website)
- Appendix B: Geographic Distribution of Services Available to Homeless Unaccompanied Youth in Massachusetts
- Appendix C: Financial Forecasting Model